Get Ingenious Patents: Bubblewrap, Barbed Wire, Bionic Eyes, and PDF

By Ben Ikenson,Jay Bennett

For the curious and the creators, creative Patents tells the attention-grabbing historical past of the inventors and their creations that experience replaced our world.
Discover probably the most cutting edge of the 6.5 million patents that the U.S. Patent and Trademark place of work has granted on the grounds that Thomas Jefferson issued the 1st one in 1790. Revised and reformatted from the unique 2004 variation, Ingenious Patents presents every one gadget besides historical past concerning the inventor, attention-grabbing sidebars and heritage, and an excerpt from the unique patent program. writer Jay Bennet has additionally written 15 new entries, every thing from iPhones to 3G instant to CRISPR gene enhancing. Liberally sprinkled all through are patent diagrams created by means of the inventors annotated to teach precisely how every one merchandise works.
Entries comprise inventive advertisement successes in fields as various as medication, aeronautics, computing, agriculture, and buyer items. Readers are guaranteed to discover a subject of curiosity right here, if it is the heritage in the back of the patent for a Pez dispenser, cathode ray tube, kitty muddle, DNA fingerprinting, or the layout of a Fender Stratocaster guitar.

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Marking Modern Times: A History of Clocks, Watches, and by Alexis McCrossen PDF

By Alexis McCrossen

The public areas and structures of the us are domestic to many hundreds of thousands of timepieces—bells, time balls, and clock faces—that tower over city streets, peek out from lobbies, and gleam in shop home windows. And within the streets and squares underneath them, males, ladies, and youngsters put on wristwatches of all types. american citizens have embellished their houses with clocks and integrated them of their poetry, sermons, tales, and songs. And as political tools, social instruments, and cultural symbols, those own and public timekeepers have loved a wide forex in artwork, existence, and culture.

In Marking smooth Times, Alexis McCrossen relates how the yankee preoccupation with time led humans from throughout social sessions to procure watches and clocks. whereas noting the problems in regulating and synchronizing such a lot of timepieces, McCrossen expands our figuring out of the improvement of recent time self-discipline, delving into the methods we have now standardized time and describing how timekeepers have served as political, social, and cultural instruments in a society that doesn’t simply worth time yet regards entry to time as a natural-born correct, a privilege of being an American.

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Download PDF by Thomas P. Stafford,Michael Cassutt: We Have Capture: Tom Stafford and the Space Race

By Thomas P. Stafford,Michael Cassutt

What an grand occupation. Tom Stafford attained the top pace ever reached via a try pilot (28,547 mph), carried a cosmonaut’s coffin with Soviet Secretary Leonid Brezhnev, led the crew that designed the series of missions resulting in the unique lunar touchdown, and drafted the unique requisites for the B-2 stealth bomber on a bit of resort stationery. yet his crowning success was once definitely his position as America’s unofficial area ambassador to the Soviet Union through the darkest days of the chilly War.

In this vigorous memoir written with Michael Cassutt, Stafford starts off through recounting his early successes as a try pilot, Gemini and Apollo astronaut, and USAF basic. As President Nixon's stand-in on the 1971 Soviet funeral for 3 cosmonauts, he opened the door to the opportunity of cooperation in house among Russians and american citizens. Stafford's Apollo-Soyuz crew used to be the 1st staff of american citizens to paintings on the cosmonaut education heart, and in addition the 1st to go to Baikonur, the top-secret Soviet release heart, in 1974. His 17 July 1975 “handshake in area” with Soviet commander Alexei Leonov (who grew to become a lifelong buddy) proved to the realm that the 2 opposing international locations may certainly paintings effectively together.

Stafford has endured during this management position correct as much as the current, engaging in designing and comparing the distance go back and forth, Mir, and the foreign house Station. he's actually an American hero who personifies the broadest spirit of exploration and cooperation.

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Network Sovereignty: Building the Internet across Indian by Marisa Elena Duarte PDF

By Marisa Elena Duarte

In 2012, the United international locations normal meeting decided that cheap net entry is a human correct, serious to citizen participation in democratic governments. Given the importance of data and conversation applied sciences (ICTs) to social and political lifestyles, many U.S. tribes and local enterprises have created their very own tasks, from streaming radio to development networks to telecommunications advocacy. In community Sovereignty, Marisa Duarte examines those ICT initiatives to discover the importance of data flows and knowledge structures to local sovereignty, and towards self-governance, self-determination, and decolonization.

By reframing how tribes and local organisations harness those applied sciences as a way to beat colonial disconnections, community Sovereignty shifts the dialogue of data and conversation applied sciences in local groups from considered one of exploitation to at least one of Indigenous possibility.

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Get MP3: The Meaning of a Format (Sign, Storage, Transmission) PDF

By Jonathan Sterne

MP3: The which means of a Format recounts the hundred-year historical past of the world's commonest structure for recorded audio. knowing the historic that means of the MP3 layout involves rethinking where of electronic applied sciences within the greater universe of twentieth-century conversation historical past, from listening to learn carried out via the phone within the 1910s, during the mid-century improvement of perceptual coding (the know-how underlying the MP3), to the format's promiscuous social existence because the mid 1990s.

MP3s are items of compression, a procedure that eliminates sounds not going to be heard from recordings. even supposing media historical past is frequently characterised as a development towards larger definition, constancy, and truthfulness, MP3: The which means of a Format illuminates the the most important position of compression within the improvement of contemporary media and sound tradition. Taking the historical past of compression as his aspect of departure, Jonathan Sterne investigates the relationships between sound, silence, feel, and noise; the commodity prestige of recorded sound and the commercial position of piracy; and the significance of criteria within the governance of our rising media tradition. He demonstrates that codecs, criteria, and infrastructures—and the necessity for content material to slot inside of them—are each piece as important to communique because the bins we name "media."

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Shawn Royall's Firefighting in Charlotte (Images of America) PDF

By Shawn Royall

the tale of firefighting in Charlotte is a story of explosive development and alter that dates again to its humble beginnings in 1887. the town of Charlotte credit enlargement to numerous occasions, together with the gold rush of the 1830s, the railroad enlargement of the 1860s, and the fabric growth of the Eighteen Eighties. throughout the fabric growth, the volunteer firefighters keeping Charlotte and Mecklenburg County may possibly not effectively shield the becoming urban. hence the Charlotte hearth division was once born. The Roaring Twenties introduced within the automobile age and besides it motorized hearth vehicles. Race tensions of the Sixties and the monetary increase of the Nineteen Nineties additionally determine within the fireplace department’s historical past. Returning to her roots of development, Charlotte is now a bustling monetary and transportation hub of 650,000 citizens secure by way of greater than 1,000 firefighters dwelling in 38 firehouses. Firefighting in Charlotte offers a photographic highway map of the way fireplace protection
developed from horse-drawn engines of the 1800s to the state of the art equipment of at the present time. hearth vehicles, firehouses, and the firefighters are depicted in pictures acquired from own collections, newspapers, documents, and museums.

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Download e-book for iPad: Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World by Marc Raboy

By Marc Raboy

a bit over a century in the past the area went instant. Cables and all their proscribing inefficiencies gave strategy to a innovative technique of transmitting information and data nearly far and wide, without delay. by way of "Hertzian waves," as radio waves have been at first recognized, ships may now make touch with different ships (saving lives, reminiscent of at the doomed R.M.S. Titanic); monetary markets may coordinate with different monetary markets, setting up the cost of commodities and solving alternate charges; army commanders might connect to front strains, positioning artillery and directing troop pursuits. unexpectedly and irrevocably, time and house telescoped past what have been idea that you can think of. a person had not just imagined this networked international yet learned it: Guglielmo Marconi.

As Marc Raboy indicates us during this enchanting and finished biography, Marconi used to be the 1st actually worldwide determine in sleek communications. Born to an Italian father and an Irish mom, he was once in lots of methods stateless, operating his cosmopolitanism to virtue. via a mix of ability, tenacity, good fortune, imaginative and prescient, and timing, Marconi popularized-and, extra severely, patented-the use of radio waves. quickly after he burst into public view with an illustration of his instant equipment in London on the age of twenty-two in 1896, he proven his instant Telegraph & sign corporation and appeared unstoppable. He used to be adorned by means of the Czar of Russia, named an Italian Senator, knighted by way of King George V of britain, and offered the Nobel Prize for Physics-all earlier than the age of forty. until eventually his dying in 1937, Marconi was once on the middle of each significant innovation in digital conversation, courted by way of robust clinical, political, and fiscal pursuits, and trailed through the media, which recorded and released approximately each of his utterances. He tested stations and transmitters in each nook of the globe, from Newfoundland to Buenos Aires, Hawaii to Saint Petersburg.

Based on unique learn and unpublished archival fabrics in 4 nations and a number of other languages, Raboy's publication is the 1st to attach major elements of Marconi's tale, from his early days in Italy, to his groundbreaking experiments, to his protean function in global affairs. Raboy additionally explores Marconi's relationships together with his better halves, mistresses, and kids, and examines in unsparing element the final ten years of the inventor's existence, while he again to Italy and have become a pillar of Benito Mussolini's fascist regime. Raboy's engrossing biography, so one can stand because the authoritative paintings of its topic, proves that we nonetheless reside on the earth Marconi created.

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Download PDF by Joanna Radin: Life on Ice: A History of New Uses for Cold Blood

By Joanna Radin

After the atomic bombing on the finish of worldwide conflict II, anxieties approximately survival within the nuclear age led scientists to start stockpiling and freezing millions of blood samples from indigenous groups worldwide. those samples have been believed to include very likely beneficial organic information regarding genetic ancestry, evolution, microbes, and lots more and plenty extra. at the present time, they persist in freezers as a part of a world tissue-based infrastructure. In Life on Ice, Joanna Radin examines how and why those frozen blood samples formed the perform often called biobanking.

 

The chilly conflict tasks Radin tracks have been intended to shape a permanent overall archive of indigenous blood ahead of it was once altered by means of the polluting forces of modernity. Freezing allowed that blood to behave as a time-traveling source. Radin explores the original cultural and technical conditions that created and gave momentum to the phenomenon of lifestyles on ice and indicates how those preserved blood samples served because the development blocks for biomedicine on the sunrise of the genomic age. In an period of full of life moral, felony, and cultural debates approximately genetic privateness and identification, Life on Ice unearths the bigger picture—how we came and the guarantees and difficulties concerned with discovering new makes use of for chilly human blood samples.

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The Greenie: The History of Warfare Technology in the Royal by Patrick A Moore PDF

By Patrick A Moore

In the Royal military vernacular, the time period 'greenie' describes the officials and scores liable for engineering features of the fleet.  electric engineering has 'driven' the Royal military for much longer than one may think, from fixing the matter of magnetic interference with the compass by way of the ironclad early within the twentieth century onward.  writer Commander Moore strains the advance of know-how from 1850 to brand new built-in micro desktops that keep an eye on virtually each element of navigation, intel, and strike capacity.  even as, he describes how the Navy's constitution and manpower replaced to deal with the recent applied sciences, adjustments frequently speeded up in wartime, quite in global conflict II.

 

Without the complete cooperation of naval institutions and agencies and diverse private and non-private museums and brands, this paintings may were most unlikely to produce.  Written in an anecdotal, narrative kind yet with an entire mastery of the technology itself, it's going to allure not just to these drawn to the background of the Royal army but additionally these many millions, previous and current, who can declare the glory of calling themselves one of many Greenies.

 

Commander Patrick A Moore joined the Royal army in 1963 and graduated with a BSc in electric Engineering earlier than going to sea as a guns Engineer Officer on HMS Ajax.  He later served as Squadron guns Officer throughout the First Gulf War.  After leaving the provider in 1992, he labored for Ferranti overseas and GEC, focussing on warship wrestle process simulators.  His involvement with ops, R&D, shipbuilding and coaching features of the Royal army as a result spans a powerful forty two years.  not anyone else is certified to inform this story.

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Download e-book for kindle: Wikipedia and the Politics of Openness by Nathaniel Tkacz

By Nathaniel Tkacz

Few virtues are as celebrated in modern tradition as openness. Rooted in software program tradition and wearing greater than a whiff of Silicon Valley technical utopianism, openness—of decision-making, facts, and organizational structure—is visible because the therapy for lots of difficulties in politics and business.

 

But what does openness suggest, and what might a political idea of openness seem like? With Wikipedia and the Politics of Openness, Nathaniel Tkacz makes use of Wikipedia, the main renowned made of open association, to research the speculation and politics of openness in practice—and to wreck its spell. via discussions of edit wars, article deletion rules, consumer entry degrees, and extra, Tkacz allows us to determine how the foremost strategies of openness—including collaboration, ad-hocracy, and the splitting of contested tasks via “forking”—play out in reality.

 

The ensuing booklet is the richest serious research of openness so far, person who roots media conception in messy truth and thereby is helping us movement past the vaporware grants of electronic utopians and take the 1st steps towards actually figuring out what openness does, and doesn't, need to offer.

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